Top 12 Greatest Leaders in Ancient Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia is a historical region situated between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, roughly equivalent to modern-day Iraq. It has become well known for its great civilizations and cultures, its innovations and discoveries. Throughout its history, it has witnessed many great rulers who have overseen these … Read more >>

Top 7 Most Important Events in Ancient Persia

Battle of Issus

Ancient Persia, now modern-day Iran, extended from the Persian Gulf in the east to the Euphrates River in the west. The territory covered a vast swathe of land including deserts, mountains, valleys, and pastures. Ancient Persia was ruled by an absolute monarchy, and the people … Read more >>

Top 11 Most Important Events in Ancient Babylonia

Hammurabi king of Babylonia

Babylonia was an ancient kingdom that was founded more than 4,000 years ago. Despite its small size, it left a considerable mark on history. This Akkadian-speaking kingdom was in Mesopotamia, which is in modern-day Iraq. Babylon thrived under the rule of its most famous king, … Read more >>

Top 23 Fascinating Facts about the Ancient Persian Empire

Gardens of Persia

Considered as one of the most powerful and influential civilizations of its time, the Persian Empire was a major hub in the region. Archaeology has revealed precious few clues about this great empire, but several excavations and studies have yielded some fascinating, albeit limited, information. … Read more >>

Top 19 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Sumer


Ancient Sumer was located in the southernmost region of Mesopotamia, and the civilization lasted for approximately 1,500 years from 5500 to 4000 BC. Its people were commonly referred to as the “black-headed people.” Sumer was a collection of city-states, each one operating independently. Its society … Read more >>

Top 12 Fascinating Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia is located between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers which converge at the Persian Gulf. The name itself is a Greek word meaning “the land between two rivers.” It is in the eastern Mediterranean region and is bordered by the Zagros Mountains on the … Read more >>

Top 8 Contributions of Hammurabi

Hammurabi king of Babylonia

Hammurabi, also known as Khammurabi, was the greatest emperor of Babylon and one of the greatest rulers in the world. He was the sixth emperor of the Amorites, and he inherited the throne from his father, Sin-Muballit. He was born in the city of Babylon … Read more >>

Top 10 Sumerian Gods and Goddesses

Sumerian Gods and Goddesses

The Sumerians lived in southern Babylonia from 4000 to 3000 BC and had strong spiritual beliefs. Their history is shrouded in mystery. We know that they were pantheistic and their gods were the personification of the elements and natural forces. The Sumerians believed that first … Read more >>

Top 9 Outstanding Examples of Mesopotamian Art

The Standard of Ur

When students or museumgoers are asked to name examples of art from ancient times, they frequently list examples from Egypt, Greece, or Rome. Depending on their country of origin, they might also include works from China and India. Historians generally consider the ancient period of … Read more >>

Top 15 Most Important Events in Ancient Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia was situated between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers and it was the first-known civilization. It covered parts of modern-day Kuwait, Iraq, eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Iran–Iraq and Turkish–Syrian borders. Mesopotamia has been ruled by many different people from the Sumerians … Read more >>

Top 10 Ancient Mesopotamian Gods

Mesopotamian gods and goddesses

The people of Mesopotamia were highly religious, and Mesopotamian scribes recorded more than a hundred gods and goddesses. The pantheon of gods in Mesopotamia was an extension of their culture and spiritual beliefs. Though the names of the gods differed among different Mesopotamian civilizations, their … Read more >>

Top 10 Inventions and Discoveries of Persian Civilization


The Persian civilization can be considered one of the most scientific civilizations of the ancient world because of its many inventions. Now present-day Iran, Persia can be credited with such inventions as the refrigerator, the battery, and sulfuric acid, all of which were very advanced … Read more >>

Top 10 Sumerian Inventions and Discoveries

Fabrication of Copper sumerian inventions

We all think about doing something that we will be remembered for, and it is just the same for the ancient civilizations who brought us many inventions and innovations. The Sumerians of ancient Mesopotamia were no exception and they invented many things that are a … Read more >>

Top 10 Ancient Mesopotamian Goddesses

Ereshkigal or Irkalla- The Goddess of  the Underworld

The Mesopotamians were very religious, and their many civilizations shared the same deities with different identities and names. For example, Ishtar, the goddess of procreation, was known as Inanna among the Sumerian people. In order to throw some light on Mesopotamian mythology, here is a … Read more >>

Top 11 Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia

ancient map of Mesopotamia

The cradle of civilization, Mesopotamia, was the birthplace of many valuable inventions and discoveries. It was here that agriculture began. Irrigation and farming were commonplace in this area because of the fertile land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. The invention of agriculture made it … Read more >>