Top 10 Important Events in The History of Ancient Rome (Before A.D)

Rome was founded in 753 BCE by Romulus and Remus located along the Mediterranean Sea.  Rome expanded vastly and became the largest empire of the ancient era with the population of 50 to 80 million population. Rome started as an Iron Age hunt village in the mid of 8th country BC. It had expanded into 6.5 million square kilometers, civilization shifted from a monarchy to a classical republic to an increasingly autocratic empire during its 12 centuries of existences. Rome history was divided into three different era -Before the rise of Rome, Roman Republic, and Roman Empire.  In the list I have tried to covered most of the important events that occurred in Roman history before the beginning of A.D

10. Roman Empire Begun in 753 BCE brothers Romulus and Remus

Romulus and Remus

The twin brother Romulus and Remulus were abandoned by their parents. It was believed that they were tossed by their parents into the Tiber River. The basket ran aground and was found by the mother wolf, who was believed to be the mother of two legend. The wolf took care of both baby for a while before it was being found by the shepherd. The shepherd adopted the two baby. When both of them became adult they decided to found a city where they were adopted at their earliest childhood by the wolf. There was certain disagreement between Romulus and Remus about the site location of the city. Romulus killed Remus the city Rome was named after his name. The Archaeologist still provides the several view point about the existence of life before Rome was found. However, Romulus is taken as founder of Rome city with his brother Remulus.

9.  Rome Became Republic 509 BCE

Roman became Republic

Roman was developed into the big city empire, ruled by king at the beginning. In 509 BCE Romans formed a new structure of government- The Republic. The roman structure was followed partly over centuries in the different countries. The Roman republic starts when the roman overthrew their Etruscan conqueror. Etruscan had ruled Romans for hundreds of years. They setup the new government once they were freed from Etruscan dominion. The new government allows the citizen to select the representative to rule on their behalf.  The citizen of Rome differenced themselves from non-citizen and slaves by wearing a toga. There were a variety of class between citizen as well with the different privileged and social status.

8. The Laws of the Twelve Tables 449 BCE

The Law of Twelve Tables was one of the earliest surviving law codes. There was a struggle between Patricians (privileged class), Plebeians (common people) to protect the legal, social and civil rights. A commission of ten men was appointed called Decemviri at 433 BCE to write a code of law that is suitable for both parties. Before the Twelve law the private law comprised by the Roman civil law was applied to the Roman Citizen. The law of the twelve table can found here .

7. Hannibal invades Italy 218 BCE

Hannibal was a Carthaginian military commander who was popularly known as one of the best and most talented commander in the history. After the first Punic war there was a temporary peace between Carthage and Romans. Both economics was dependent in the Mediterranean Sea. The development of the commerce trade lanes from the Eastern countries like Greece and Lebanon was purely dependent on Mediterranean Sea. After the death of Hannibal father Hamilcar, Hannibal came into power. He started preparing to defeat Roman. After the years of preparation, Hannibal was ready. During the first engagement Hannibal’s cavalry won a victory over Scipio’s forces near the Ticinus River, followed by the victor at Trebia River.  Hannibal planned to control northern Italy. Roman withdraw all its force from central Italy to prepared for the Hannibal attack.

6. The city of Roma expelled all non-Roman citizens (except slaves) 98 BCE

non roman expelled from rome

There was a drastic point in Roman history where non-Romans weren’t allowed to stay in Rome. All non-Romans except slaves were expelled from Rome.

5. Roma introduces the gold coin “aureus” 50 BCE

Roman coin aureus

Roman introduced its first Gold coin name Aureus. It was valued at 25 silver denarii. The aureus was used in most of the trading from 1st Century BC to 4th Century AD which was later replaced by Solidus. The size of Aureus was like denarius but little be heavier due to the higher density of Gold.

4. Julius Caesar becomes the first dictator of Rome 45 BCE

Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar was born on 12 July 100 BC in Rome. He is considered as greatest military strategist and brilliant politicians of all time. Caesar conquest the Gaul by 51 BC.  He was the first Romans General that built bridge across the Rhine and commenced the invasion of Britain. The achievement provided Caesar’s the supreme military power. He implemented the reforms of government and roman society overthrewing already existing government and proclaimed as the Dictator of Rome.

3. Julius Caesar was assassinated 44 BCE

julius caesar assassination

The Julius Caesar was assassinated on March 15(Ides of March) 44 BC by his own senators. The plan was led by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus. They stabbed Caesar at the location next to the Theater of Pompey.

2. Roman Empire began 27 BCE

Roman Empire

Roman civilization changed drastically over the period of the time. Gaius Octavian Thurinus (Julius Caesar’s nephew) became the first emperor of Rome and took the name Augustus Caesar. Although Julius Caesar ruled Rome as the emperor for a while he was never considered as Emperor. He was title as “dictator”. Augustus ruled the Roman Empire from 31 BCE to 14 BCE. During his time he made many remarkable changes in Rome. The Roman Empire faced predigest amount of stability and prosperity during its first two centuries which is also known as Pax Romana (“Roman Peace”).

1. Augustus ended pontifex maximus 12 BCE

Augustus Caesar as Pontifex Maximus

Pontifex Maximus was the highest religious post in the Ancient Rome. It was only opened patricians until 254 BC. Later plebeian started occupying the post and suddenly it became politicized. When Augustus consolidated power. He had given the right to appoint other pontifices. The election of pontifices ended. The new Emperor was given all religious dignity and the responsibility for the entire Roman state

Final Conclusion

There are many notable events in Rome before A.D. Rome surpassed the drastic change.  The political and social structure had changed dramatically over the period since its foundation. There had been a lot of change in the religion and architecture of Rome. It is still believed that Rome had the most advanced architecture, culture, social structure is greatly influenced and followed in the different part of the world.

11 thoughts on “Top 10 Important Events in The History of Ancient Rome (Before A.D)”

  1. This list sucks. Why are Romulus and Remus on the list? It's a myth. The whole Carthaginian campaign is more important than Hannibal's invasion. Things that really shaped the outcome of the Republic and the frameworks of the Empire include

    The Gracci Brothers
    The Struggle of the Orders (major defining moment in the early Republic)
    Marius's military reforms (established a professional army and gave extreme power to generals)
    Italian unification and eventual citizenship
    Establishment of large camps of slave labor in mining operations and plantations ( built the economy and led to the crises of the first century BC)

    • You don’t have to be rude about it! Just because someone had a misunderstanding, it doesn’t mean to just be rude about it!

    • He is not rude, he is right. This sort of top 10 lists are usually wrong. Julius Caesar wasn’t the first dictator (dux) at all, there were so many before, in time of crisis (i.e. Marcellus, Fabius Maximus, Sulla…).

  2. Whoops! Julius was not the first dictator of Rome by a long shot. Dictator was an honoured republican office which; in dire emergencies; could put the rule in the hands of one man for a limited period of time. If however by dictator you mean 'the despotism of one individual' then both Marius and Sulla spring to mind.

  3. Although Romulus and Remus as Deities are a Myth it is Possible they were real people and the founding brothers (or at least partners) of Rome. As for the whole Carthaginian campaign being more important than Hannibal Barka invading over Alps. No other general was able to run rampant up and down the length of Rome at all never mind for as many years as Hannibal did.
    Though I have to agree the extras you mention are of great importance especially the reforms of Gaius Marius as they are a major part of Roman development and the reason the Roman military was as powerful and successful as it was

  4. romulus and his brother did not get abandoned by there parents you got the whole story wrong!
    the story is that there mother was a princess and her uncel [also known as the king] banished her and told her that if she ever had children they will be taken away from her and she will never see them again because if she did have children he knew they would threten his throne. but when she was banished she went against that rule and had twin boys also known as romulus and remus but the kings hunters found out and told the king and so the king sent his servant to go and take the kids away from her so it is the servent that puts the two babies in th river and the river god saved them and put them on dry land then the wolf found the children and brought them up.
    so get your facs straight and tell people the truth!!

    yours faithfuly jenna

  5. Yes, Julius Caesar was not the first dictator, but he did declare himself ‘Dictator for Life’ which was a first.

  6. The list is ok but I would have had Spartacus’s slave revolt, Constantine making Christianity the religion of the Empire and Diocletian dividing the empire into East and West.

  7. Very interesting information. I finally found out who split Rome. I’m always wondering why Diocletian split Rome into East & West. I do not remember reading or seeing his name in history books. Was it was caused by the Huns or the North people.
    Sincerely Your,

    Ken Kovacs

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