Ancient Rome and Carthage had a long history of conflicts that lasted for more than a century. All this tension culminated in a series of three wars fought between the two states from 264 BC to 146 BC. These wars were called the Punic wars. The second Punic war was fought from 218 BC to 201 BC and is most remembered for the huge battles fought between the Carthaginians under Hannibal and the Romans under different generals. Even though Hannibal’s army invaded Italy from the north and resoundingly defeated the Roman army in several battles, he could never achieve the ultimate goal of causing a political break between Rome and its allies. There were three main fronts in this war – Italy, where Hannibal defeated [&hellip

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The ancient Greece has a number of inventions and discoveries attributed to them. Even though, the fact remains, most of their discoveries were corrected in subsequent generations. Their findings in the area of astronomy, geography and mathematics, pioneered the age of science. The Greek interest in scientific specification of physical world can be seen as further back in the history in the 6th century BC. The invention and discoveries in the ancient Greece were pioneered in the versatile area. Being, the father of science, or the father of medicine, or the father of zoology, and several other pioneers in different fields of science, Greece contributed a lot to the modern world discoveries and inventions. The remarkable leader like Alexander the Great and Pericles, and their [&hellip

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The Roman emperor was the designated ruler of Roman empire that started after the end of Roman kingdom in the archaic period. The legitimacy of an emperor’s rule depended on his control of the army and recognition by the Senate; an emperor would normally be proclaimed by his troops, or invested with imperial titles by the Senate, or both. But the Roman people regarded their emperors as equivalent of kings, even though the very first emperor Augustus the great himself absolutely refused to be taken as a monarch. The age of Roman Republic effectively ended with the death of Julius Caesar and then Augustus marked the era of Roman empire that lasted from 27 BC to 476 AD. Throughout this period, a number of emperors [&hellip

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The Earth has  4.6 billion years history. However, Archaic Home Sapiens(Modern Human had evolved around between 400,000 and 250,000 years ago. Human evolved from the family Hominid(great apes), that existed in the earth around 20 million years ago. Unlike today there were different human species that existed on the earth. The characteristics between these human species are however different.  Not all specifies of human survive through the journey, many of them extinct. The only species left in the human race is our ancestors. The possibility of human linking to the apes came after publication of the Charles Darwin’s  On the origin of species in 1859. He first pointed out that, the every species is emerged from earlier ones. Later, the two scientist Thoman Huley and Richard Owen supported him. Huxley published a book in 1863 called the Evidence [&hellip

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In the course of human evolution, at a certain point in time, the idea of living in a group with mutual understanding and dependency became a very useful and practical lifestyle. From such small isolated groups, communities were formed. Then came the societies which in due time became a civilization. How the human mentality and psychology led to this huge change is still a popular topic among the historians and anthropologist, and a major discussion for another day. For now, let’s talk about some of the oldest civilizations to have ever existed in the world. We are talking about the civilizations that we know, as fact, existed for real, unlike the ones that are shrouded by myths and beliefs (Atlantis, Lemuria and Rama civilizations to [&hellip

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