7 Homo species close to present human that existed on the Earth.


The Earth has a 4.6 billion year history. However, Archaic Homo Sapiens (Modern Humans) evolved between 400,000 and 250,000 years ago. Humans evolved from the family Hominid (great apes), that existed on earth around 20 million years ago. Unlike today, there were different human species that existed on earth. However, the characteristics of these human species are different. Not all species of humans survived the journey. Many of them became extinct. The only species left in the human race is our ancestor Homo Sapiens.

The possibility of humans being linked to the apes came after the publication of Charles Darwin’s “On the Origin of Species” in 1859. He first pointed out that, every species has emerged from an earlier one. Later, two scientist Thoman Huley and Richard Owen supported him. Huxley published a book in 1863 entitled “The Evidence as to Man’s Place in Nature.” Even though there were several views and theories by various scientists, the major problem was the proof – the lack of fossil intermediaries. Eugene Dubois discovered the first fossil intermediary in 1891 at Trinil proving that there were species between humans and apes. He proclaimed his finding as Pithecanthropus Erectus or Java man. Today, humans are classified as Homo Erectus (humans that stand upright).  Additional fossils were discovered in Africa in 1920. The study of the evolution of Humans began thereafter. Here is the list of 7 Homo species that existed on Earth throughout history.

7. Homo Heidelbergensis

Homo Heidelbergensis

Homo Heidelbergensis lived on earth between 700,000 to 200,000 years ago. They emerged from Africa. The Heidelbergensis male was about 175cm tall and weighed around 136 lbs, whereas the female average height was 157 cm tall and weighed 112 lbs. They had a large brain case with a flatter face than that today’s humans. They were the first human species that were adaptable to colder climates. They were also widely known for their ability to hunt large animals, which was not seen in the human species before them. They were the first human species to build their own living shelter.

Their first fossil was discovered on October 21, 1907, by a worker. The workman handed it over to professor Otto Schoetensack from the University of Heidelberg, who later identified and named the fossil.

6. Homo Rudolfensis

Homo Rudolfensis

Homo Rudolfensis is another debatable extinct species that falls under Hominid category. They are believed to have lived around 1.9 million to 1.8 million years ago. Their physical structure like weight and height is still unknown due to the lack of cranial fossils.

Meave Leakey’s team announced the discovery of a face and two jawbones belonging to Homo Rudolfensis on 8 August 2012. The fossil known as KNM-ER 1470 was the center of the debate. It was first stated to be around 3 million years old. However, later it was corrected to be 1.9 million years. The difference in the skull from other Homo Habilis species created a new species named Homo Rudolfensis.

There are the certain features of the ER 1470 showing that it is not different from the other Homo species such as the lack of heavy muscle and crests of australopithecine crania, occipital smoothly rounded bone like Homo erectus and more. However, other key features suggest that they are different from other Homo species with much longer faces, the upper part being narrower than the middle, and much more Megadont Postcanines etc.


5. Homo Abilis

Homo Abilis

Homo Habilis was another species of the Hominid tribe who lived on earth from 2.4 to 1.4 million years ago. Homo Habilis possessed some of the ape-like features such as long arms and a moderately prognathic face. They have a larger brain case in the range of 550 cm to 687 cm. However, they have a smaller face and smaller teeth. There was the controversial debate in regard to classifying it as a Homo since it had very few characteristics of other homo species. Scientists discovered that they had the capacity to use stone tools for various purposes.
There are three key fossils available of Homo Habilis: KNM-ER 1813, OH 24, OH 8. The first fossil was found by the team of scientists Louis and Mary Leakey at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania in the 1960’s.

4. Homo Floresiensis

Homo floresiensis


Homo Floresiensis was believed to have lived from 95,000 to 17,000 years ago in Indonesia. They were quite small is size around 3.5 feet tall with a tiny brain. There is evidence, that Homo Floresiensis made small stone tools and used to hunt small elephants and large rodents.

The key fossils of Homo Floresiensis were found in 2003 in Indonesia and were named LB-1. The female head was 1/3 size of the current human brain. Perhaps their small body enabled them to survive on the small island with limited resources.

3. Homo erectus

Homo Erectus


Homo erectus is an extinct species of early human that lived throughout the Pleistocene from about 1.9 million years to most recently, 143,000 years ago. The study of the fossil, discovered by scientists proved that Homo erectus originated in Africa and spread through India, China, Georgia, and Java.

The first Erectus fossil was discovered in Java, Dutch East Indies (present Australia) in the early 1890’s by Eugène Dubois, Homo erectus were generally in the range of 4 ft 9 inches to 6ft 1 inch with a weight around 88 to 150 lbs. Their height and weight were different from the fossils found in different parts of the world. The fossils from Africa had a larger body size than those of Indonesia, China, and Georgia. Their elongated legs and short arms helped them climb trees easily and to run faster than present human beings.

2. Homo Neanderthals

Homo Neanderthals

Neanderthal is an extinct species of human with the closest similarity to modern humans. Their DNA is just 0.12% different than modern humans. The Neanderthal was believed to have existed from about 600,000 to 350,000 years ago. Neanderthal lived throughout Europe and southwest to Central Asia. Neanderthals had most of the features of modern humans. They used different tools for hunting. They wore symbolic ornamental objects. There is an evidence that they used to bury their dead with offerings such as flowers. There were also earlier human species that engaged in such symbolic behavior.

The Scientific study indicates that the Neanderthal brain and modern human brain were similar at birth. However, in adulthood, their brains became larger. They were stronger than modern humans with a huge body size, male (164-168 cm) and female (152-256 cm).

1. Homo sapiens


Homo sapiens are the ancestors of modern humans. Most of the other hominid species that existed on the earth became extinct during the many climactic changes.

Homo sapiens lived together, hunted food and evolved to such an extent, that they could cope with the climactic changes that occurred. Besides hunting, they discovered the breeding of certain plants and animals, which changed history forever. Soon they learned to produce more food.  They ate a variety of animals and food plants. Their control over fire and their ability to live in larger groups also created the concept of better shelters.

The scientist has found various fossils, that support strong evidence that Homo sapiens existed. The oldest known fossils were discovered in Herto, Ethiopia. The researcher from the University of California found the skulls of two adults and a child, which lived around 160,000 to 40,000 years before modern times.

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31 Responses to “7 Homo species close to present human that existed on the Earth.”
  1. You left out Homo Naledi. Scientists are learning new information about us as a species each day, so nothing is written in stone.

    • Grey

      Homo Naledi is an incredible find with regard to our understanding of technology usage by early human species. This find does suggest a much early use of controlled fire than previously evidenced.

      There is currently still debate as to whether it is actually a new species, or simply a phenotypic variation.

      This is due to our anthropologists typically falling into one of two groups, “lumpers” and “splitters”. Lumpers tend to assume greater variation within a species, while splitters are more prone to think that a sample with trait differences is a new species.

      The primary anthropologist for the Naledi find tends toward the “splitter” end of the spectrum.

      We shall see, though, in time. 🙂

  2. Gordon

    This makes no sense considering modern humans are Homo sapiens. We didn’t just magically change to a different species then our ancestors. Get your facts straight.

    • Xetrixa

      Well no, he means the proper, direct ancestors of us. Like how your great-grandmothers and fathers are also your ancestors, slowly evolving and reproducing

    • Grey

      Homo Sapiens is believed to be our direct ancestor, with the addition of some genetic crossover.

      We are Homo Sapiens Sapiens. Still the same species, but with enough variation to be considered a different subspecies.

      Much like wolves and dogs. Canis Lupis is the Grey (or Timber) Wolf, while Canis Lupis Familiaris would refer to domestic dogs.

      Just as dogs are wolves, but wolves aren’t really dogs; we are Homo Sapiens, but they were not precisely us.

    • Hamish

      I saw a doco that suggest that homo spiens breed with neanderthals, it makes up 3-6% of our DNA expect for black Africans, who don’t have this, they suggested this help make white people white and so forth, this kinda making black Africans pure homo sapiens

      • Susan Solomon

        Very doubtful that we bred with Neanderthals. The amount of shared genes points to a shared fairly recent progenitor which happens to be true, in that our last progenitor species was about a million years ago, which isn’t really very long. But we do not share each other’s Y or MT haplogroup so no sign of actual parents in each other’s species. Also the shared genes some scientists point to have to do mostly with cold weather, so looks like typical species distribution might account for what genes ending being retained by some Homo Sapiens. Many Africans do in fact share some of these genes though less than Europeans.

        • Kevin

          Well it is fact that the Neanderthals and Homo spiens intermingeld and slowly became what we are today. There is today a totally different species living with us today. Called the Basque group. Whom only dates back upto 40 thousand years and not further. They have a completely different blood type then any human and are not compatible with our blood.

    • Dennis

      Modern Man is Homo sapien sapien .

  3. Gordon

    Also if you check the first link in the Homo sapiens section it says oldest fossil of modern humans, meaning we are Homo sapiens.

  4. john

    it doesn’t make any sense homo or what is stupid scientist don’t believe In God existence , so because the creation of God is a mystery to them. they are thinking with their canal thought.. if you believe you come from ape is up to you

    • john

      I find it ironic how due to your ‘book’ the bible gets proven to be a load of crap every year and how yet it is the author of the article who is the blind one, enjoy your Ponzi scheme called religion.

      • Jesus Christ

        Now tell me how my book has been proven wrong my child

        • Zed

          Lets start with your time line. The earth is 6000 years old? I don’t think so.

          • tony

            time doesnt really exist
            it really doesnt
            i’ll see you yesterday

      • Grey

        Science and the Bible are not wholly in contradiction of each other.

        The contradiction is when someone takes a parable and tries to claim it is literal.

    • james

      Why does it not make sense ?
      The creation of god is not a mystery , man invented him/her/it. Different people invented different gods. but every religion thinks they are right and the others are wrong . Use some common sense, Even if god did exist statistically chances are you have picked the wrong fan club/religion.

      Some simple basic questions . Why did god make the other planets ? failed attempts at an earth ? Why not mentioned in any religious text ? If god made us and the sun why did he make the sun give us skin cancer and other health problems ? A mistake or on purpose ? Why did he invent tobacco ? he knew what we would do with it / Why make poisonous foods ? why make animals with better eyesight / hearing/ speed/ strength/recovery abilities etc than us ? we are meant to be the chosen ? etc etc etc so many simple questions the religious ignore/ choose not to see.

      No one says we come from apes , we come from same start . But hey Id have no problem coming from an ape !!

      Why is a God needed ? i’m happy without one .

      • Calvin Barrett

        God was needed to help us make sense of the unfathamable.It is said only though faith can You know God.I think math proves the existance of God.As for the other questions: How about life is like a bowl of cherry’s.It amazing that people have been talking to God for years and still doubt his existance.If someone told You they had a invisable friend would you believe them.Why not. They might.Can you prove they don’t?What makes You so sure?I have seen ghosts.But what did I actually see is it a reflection A holographic recording afigimant of my imagination.Something else.Five people were there four saw the ghost One did not.Same room same time Why?is there a God? Yes How do I know?I have talked with Him Was he something other than God?He seemed nice.So unless I have reason not to believe well I will just take it at face value and not sweat the small stuff.

        • Adding a God only adds to confusion, it does not clarify anything, it basically explains away things we don’t yet understand or didn’t understand by using magic.

  5. Think About It.

    Please respect everyone’s belief. Either you’re a jew, Christian, Muslim, Atheist or whatever makes you feel better about yourself and how a man came about, we all came from the main source.

    “Muslims” believe the people that were born from Prophet Adam formed the eighth generation of humans. For example Sheikh Saduq narrates a Imam Sadiq (as) in his book Khisal in which the Imam says: “When Allah (GOD, swt) created the earth, he created seven worlds in it (and made each one extinct); none of those worlds [generations] were of Prophet Adam’s generation. Allah created all of them from the earth’s crust and brought them one after another, and created a world for each one after the other, until He created Prophet Adam and ramified his generation from him.

    It’s amazing how 1400 years ago people knew there were other generations and how we just getting to know it now. So holly books and scripture’s are right and can’t deny the scientific facts about them. Specially the Quran where every scientific refrence in it was proven to be 100% correct up to today.

    • Tony

      Unfortunately we can not and should not respect beliefs because if we do, we can not talk freely about history. In other words, respect would constitute a form of censorship.
      Imagine for a second, if we were to respect the old communists, we could not talk about Stalin’s crimes. If we had to respect Mohammad, we could never talk about the 33 wars that he led.
      If we respect the fascists, we can never talk about Hitler and so on.
      No part of history belongs to any particular group. Mohammad, Moses, Jesus,… and so on do NOT belong to anybody. They are historical people and belong to history. We should respect individuals not belief system. That is why we have the freedom of speech and we can discus communism, fascism, and all religions without censorship.
      If god did exist, he/she would never, ever put his thoughts in any book and send it down to us. The books and profits that are debated to this day!!!!
      If there was a god, he/she would never even have to communicate with us. He would create us such that no communication was necessary.
      Think for a second how absurd it is to think god would send down a messenger with a book to lead us to salvation???????!!!!!!!!
      God would not need to do that and would not care at all about what we do or believe.

      • Doc

        I respect other peoples right to their opinion. I don’t believe the bible in the literal sense but a group of stories that are that old and are still around holds some weight. I also don’t believe we came from a pool of goop. That is saying something living was made from something not living and to date that has proved impossible. There are just to many holes in that theory. In my opinion currently scientist have 5 pages of a 1000 page novel so I just don’t believe they have the story figured out. But in my research what is apparent to me is there simply has to be some form of intelligent design. The odds of all those things coming together without some form of help is impossible. I do think things can and do evolve but I have room for God too.

      • Kevin

        “If there was a god, he/she would never even have to communicate with us. He would create us such that no communication was necessary.”

        How can you know what God would do and how and what God would create?

        The ego of the human mind often thinks, delusionally, it has figured everything out, how the world should be, how life should be, etc. while it is a simple-minded child of the universe. This would be like a spider trying to tell me how to solve a math problem.

        My sense is that God, the Great Spirit, source, etc. eventually needs to be experienced to be truly believed. When I experienced the eternal love and grace and compassion of God in my presence during meditation, I deeply believed because I experienced it to be Truth.

  6. jmcnatt

    The same as there are different varieties of dogs, horses, cattle, cats, etc there were also several varieties of humans. The different varieties of animals vary in aggression and intelligence pit bulls are aggressive, herding dogs and poodles are considered exceptionally smart and excel at agility classes. I am sure the same applied to the different human species otherwise we should have the same physical characteristics and IQ’s which we don’t. Some humans are better athletes, others excel in Quantum Physics. We are different from each other due to the various lines of human species that have bred into our families. We are just animals that exist near or at the top of the intelligence ladder.

  7. Tony

    Religion has always acted as a distraction to science and has always impeded human progress.
    There is not a single sentence in Koran or bible or … that has not been proven wrong by science.
    People out of desperate needs that stem from material profit or mental weakness try desperately to interoperate holy books to align them with science.
    But just think about it for a second, if god did exist, there would be no chance that he would:

    1) Create so many different religions.
    2) Communicate with us in the most ridiculous way by writing his thoughts in these books for which meanings are debated to this day and send them down by profits that in many cases were murdered?????!!!!!!!
    3) Even cared about what we do or don’t.

    Having to respect other people’s ideas is a form of censorship and is contrary to freedom of speech. We should respect human beings not ideas.

  8. Jacob

    You know if you count us then it would be 8 or more but here this there’s no more of Homo sapiens right so then they went extinct so we are the last species in the homo tribe exempt a new race called humans. But our skills are greed power selfish chaos destruction and laziness. But there is two species of humans there skills are love care trust freedom smart and friendship.

  9. Angel

    God created everything which includes the ‘homo’ species aka humans

  10. Eddie

    God is the ultimate believe it or not. Science it just full of guessings, it is not so sure about anything. The archaeologists are the problems of scientific research. And please those of you who try to compare Mohammed to Jesus, should stop that immediately because there’s a very great gap between the two. There is no perfection on the earth not because there is no God, it’s because you have the freedom to whatever you want to do and enjoy the consequences for it.
    If you do good, you reap good and if you do bad things you reap bad. Let’s take for instance the depletion of the ozone layer by human activities like fumes from home, cars, factories, rockets, Bush burning etc. Until we minimise our deadly activities we will continue to get cancers, not because there’s no God but it’s because we’re are aware of our destruction to the ozone layer buh we still choose to do it. Christianity is the best way to moral life try considering one. Science is just funny. It can’t even explain some common things like evolution. Every time it is guessing ” about”

  11. James Macri

    Looking at the picture of Homo sapiens, it looks nothing like us. Why have we not evolved or been given a different species name. What characteristic exist to distinguish one species from another in the same genus type. We are bigger, smarter, less hairy, don’t use that thing it is holding, have advanced society much farther than that version did. So why are we still Homo sapiens?

  12. Matt

    What is so frustrating are these artist’s renditions. The do this in the Hall of Man at the American Museum of Natural History. When matched with the ACTUAL FOSSILS, any logical person immediately is suspect (I’ve been there enough times to know…plus, you hear the comments)

    If you are going to show the artist’s renditions, then AT LEAST show all the fossilized evidence (or link to it, and not some minuscule picture that cannot be viewed) as well, for every made up picture.

    When you view the actual fossilized evidence, it is plain to see that a LOT more research needs to be done! There is not a lot of evidence for many of these Genus Homo artist’s renditions as we are led to believe. If the science is valid, let it stand on it’s own.

    Take the modern dog. Can you imagine what these artist’s would come up with if they had 20 skulls fragments from different breeds of dogs, i.e. bulldog, doberman, pug, etc?!?!

    Show the evidence…leave the make believe renditions for the movies.
    Unless this is designed to fool people. If so, well, that would be a pity.

  13. Dwight Huth

    Be careful of who you are. When you think of consuming someone’s body in flesh and blood in a religious manner that the is Homo Antecessor gene or trait that brainwashing you.

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