There is a hidden story behind each spectacular events in the history. Mankind has evolved in a fascinating way in the last decade. Human civilization has grown up to its outermost edge creating a rapid development ever encountered in the history. There was war, bloodshed among the people to create an empire ruled by king. War was fought in the name of freedom. Thousand solders have died in the last two millennium in the war. Despite of all the terror and bloodshed, history had achieved advancement in the technology, business, politics,social structure and education. There has been remarkable changes. Despite of thousands of major significant historical event, I have try my best to illustrate the top 10 most significant event ever occurred in history.10.
10. Protestant Reformation in Europe 1517
Protestant Reformation begins when Martin Luther published “95 Theses” in 1517. He marked the key practice of selling indulgences to address the limit of people’s power. The protest augment when many devotional practices of the Catholic Church start believing on it. The new national protestant churches were created. The movement supporter started growing quickly in many German states along with other countries – Scotland, Netherlands, Switzerland and France. It also influenced the Church of England after 1547. There were many other factors started playing an ideological part in the reformation, that includes corruption of curia, rise of nationalism, western schism that diminish people faith in papacy. The invention of printing press also strength to rapid flow of the information. Luther used press to spread his ideas.
9. Galileo explore the moons of Jupiter 1610
The invention of telescope in 1600’s took an astronomy a step further. The study of celestial object was possible but no one had done it systematically. In 1610 Galileo saw the moons of Jupiter through his telescope and find three stars near the planet. When he continuously explore it, he figure it out “four stars” changed their position around Jupiter. He concluded that the stars were actually the moons, orbiting the Jupiter and confirmed it – moons of Jupiter.
8. Acts of Union 1707
The Acts of Union was passed by England’s and Scotland’s Parliaments in 1707 , that combined two kingdom into the one kingdom named “Great Britain” with separate legislatures but with the same monarchy. The two countries had shared the same monarch since 1603- Union of the Crowns. Both country were separate states for 7 century. The attempt to invade Scotland by English was failed brutally in 13th and 14th Century. The 31 commissioners were appointed to conduct the negotiations by both countries. About half of the commissioners of Scotland were government minister including Lord Chancellor of Scotland, The Earl of Seinfeld. On the other Lord High Treasurer, Lord Keeper, Baron Cowper, Earl of Godolphin were Commissioner of English
7. Seven Years War 1756–63
It was the first truly Global War. The conflict started when the British wants to expand its territory to the Ohio valley, controlled by France. The war started in 1756 and was ended with a peace treaty signed in 1763. The war involved the three continent including the Caribbean. Vast majority of the France colony was located in North America. Britain want to control the fur trade and the territory. The North American has 13 separate colony with separate government in each. They were the rival of the New France. The French concluded to save and secure the territory against the British and American. They built a chain of forts along Pennsylvania’s Allegheny River.
6. Beginning of British Empire in India as Robert Clive 1757
Robert was one of the key personal that pioneer the British India. Clive journey to India begun as a civil servant of The East India Company in 1743. He was transferred to the military service of the company and returned England with a fortune of £40,000. The conflict was going on between British and French. During his governorship (1755–60), Clive won the battle of Plassey and captured the Bengal. He was sent to India to restore order in 1765. During his second governorship (1764–67), he reorganized The British Colony.
5. Decline and fall of Roman Empire 1453
One of the great superpower of the ancient era came to a tragic ending point, often known as decline and fall of Roman Empire. There are lots of reason behind the fall of Roman Empire. Edward Gibbon published the six volume book presenting all the possible reason behind the decline of the Giant Empire. The work has been highly accolade. Even though the roman fall in 1453 A.D. There was a lot of conflict going on since 235 A.D also known as crises of the third century. During the millennium in Rome, There was lot of wars and political changes. In 476, barbarian general Odoacer oust western emperor, Romulus Augustus’s, He then rules Italy. The Roman Empire came to an end when Ottomans conquered the last Greek state, the empire of Trebizond.
4. American Revolution 1765 -1783
The American war was “the war of Independence” in The United States against the Military Rebellion of Great Britain. The big reason behind the war was commerce. Americans believed that they should pay the high taxes like in Britain. The parliament passed the stamp act in March 1756, which levy direct tax. American spokesmen defend and argue about the tax issue claiming they lacked representation in Parliament. In 1775, Massachusetts was declared as the state of rebellion. By the end of 1775, the full control in 13 colonies had seized, Continental congress declared independence in 1776 July 4. Dutch Republic, spain and France had secretly supply weapons to support the revolution war in 1776. Later France enter the war to prevent American from accepting a comprise peace, their ally Spain followed the war in 1779. British continues to focus on southern colonies with an initial success. In 1783 the treaty of Paris ended the war and declared peace treaty with the exchange of sever territories
3. New Zealand becomes first country in the world to grant women the vote 1893
Women’s suffrage in New Zealand was one of the important political decision that had created a significant impact in the Women right. Governor Lord Glasfow gave the Royal Assent on 19 September 1893, where woman got the right to vote for the first time in the election held on 28 November 1893. There was huge debate that politician outreach was outside women’s hand claiming they are mostly for the house work. After the great remarkable changes, united stated granted women for vote in 1920 and Great Britain granted full voting right for women in 1928
2. World War 1 1914 -1918
World War 1 also known as the First World War or the Great War was a global war that lasted for 4 years. The war begun on 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918, centered in the Europe. The war begun with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary on 28 June 1914 by Gavrilo Princip, declaring war on Serbia. More than 10 million people died in the battle. The map of southwest Asia and Europe were redraw, with the several independent nations created or restored. The League of Nations were formed to prevent the further future conflict.
1. World war 2 1939 to 1945
World War II was a global war that lasted 6 years from 1939 to 1945. It was most widespread war with more than 100 people involved from 30 different countries. The war has experienced the most casualties and used of advance military weapons. World War II was the first war that uses the nuclear weapons. There were more than 80 million casualties with the huge property destruction. The Second World War changed the social and political of the world. After the war. The United Nations (UN) was established to prevent future conflict.
War is the hidden ingredient recipe in the history and is always highlighted because it has always created a revolution from social and political changes. However, there are notable other events that impact significantly towards the modern economy.